Rich agriculture is prevalent in the hills and valleys of the Palouse. Moscow and Pullman, Washington anchor this region featuring modern medicine, higher education and local business. Music festivals, museums, art exhibits, boutiques, coffee shops and more are featured in Moscow. Gritman Medical Center has served local healthcare needs for more than 100 years and is the largest private employer in Latah County. The University of Idaho, the state’s oldest public university, New Saint Andrews College and Moscow School District provide educational opportunities.
Moscow’s most popular attractions included the University of Idaho’s Arboretum and Botanical Garden, Moscow Farmers Market, Latah Bike Trail, Hamilton-Lowe Aquatics Center, Appaloosa Museum and Heritage Center, Spring Valley Reservoir, McConnell Mansion and Prichard Art Gallery. In addition, Lionel Hampton Jazz Festival, Rendezvous in the Park and Moscow Artwalk are annual events held locally. For outdoor enthusiasts, Moscow offers convenience to numerous public lands such as Emerald Creek Garnet Area, Hells Gate State Park, Palouse Falls State Park and White Pine Scenic Drive.
Dry-summer continental weather in Moscow, Idaho produces 46 inches of snow, 25 inches of rain and 169 days of sunshine. Average high temperatures tend to be warm in the summer and cold in the winter. Moscow lies at the eastern edge of the Poluse region within the Columbia River Plateau. This location creates a diverse terrain of hills, valleys, mountains and forests.
In 1872, the first post office was opened in Paradise Valley, which was named for Paradise Creek the main waterway through town. The name was changed to Moscow and a business district was established in 1875. Moscow was incorporated in 1887 and chosen as the site of a land-grant institution (University of Idaho) in 1889. Idaho became the 43rd state in 1890.